Tag Archive: bacteria

  1. What Is A Sore Throat?

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    Sore Throat

    A viral infection is the most common cause of a sore throat. Different viruses like measles and influenza can affect the pharynx. Bacteria can also build up in this region and cause inflammation. While some bacteria can be extremely dangerous, sore throats are often harmless and they disappear after a few days without needing any medical attention. Look for a runny nose or a cough along with hoarseness in the voice. Gargling with salt water and lozenges can help soothe it. However, it is recommended to see a doctor if your child is suffering from any pain or discomfort because the doctor may prescribe anti-fungal medicines or pain relievers.

    What is Strep Throat?

    This is a disease caused by the Group A Beta-hemolytic Streptococcus bacteria and is most commonly found in children. While some may get only a mild infection, there are some who can catch a severe case of this infection. It can also be very contagious so it is important to look out for the common symptoms and get them treated immediately.

    Some of the common symptoms of this infection include high fever, a headache or vomiting. Some children may experience a rash or have spots on the back of their neck. Inflamed or swollen tonsils or flu symptoms are also common strep throat symptoms. Some of them may also experience congestion or pain in their lungs and find it difficult to breathe.

    Why Your Child Needs Medical Care

    If your child shows any symptoms that might indicate that he or she has an infection, it is a good idea to visit the doctor. A throat culture test is usually done in order to determine whether the child is suffering from anything severe. This test is a simple one and the throat is simply swabbed with a device which is then placed in a cup so that any growing infection can be spotted. If strep throat is caught early, the child can be treated with antibiotics and get cured within a few days and back to their normal routine. If it is not detected on time, a severe case of the infection could last up to 3 weeks.

    At Pediatric Partners, we take care of children right from babyhood until they get to adolescence. Every child is given special care and treatment in order to prevent medical problems as well as treat any infections or diseases. Call Pediatric Partners to schedule your appointment today.

  2. Bacterial Infections

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    LEARNING TO RECOGNIZE THE DIFFERENCES BETWEEN BACTERIAL AND VIRAL INFECTIONS

    Viruses and bacteria are both essentially pathogens, or dangerous microscopic organisms that have the capacity to cause one or the other form of illness in human beings. Children are generally more affected by infections, either bacterial or viral, because their immune system still does not have the ability to fight diseases as effectively as an adult’s system can.

    CHARACTERISTICS OF VIRUSES VERSUS BACTERIA

    All viruses are simple parasites that cause us harm. On the other hand, most bacteria are beneficial to our health. Barely 10% are harmful.

    Viral infection – Viruses are parasitic microscopic organisms. When left to themselves in the air, they are potentially harmless. It is only when they come in contact with a host’s body that they turn active and start reproducing and multiplying at super-fast speed. In humans, the uncovered mucous membrane cells are the most prone to being attacked by viruses. This is what makes colds and the flu so common.

    Bacterial infection – Unlike multi-cell viruses, bacteria are single-cell organisms and reproduce asexually. Several bacteria are actually beneficial to humans and are not parasitic organisms. They can reproduce even outside a host’s body. The minute any harmful bacteria enter the human bod,y the defense mechanism kicks off and starts producing antibodies. Any antibiotics that are administered will help in this process.

    HOW THEY ARE TRANSMITTED

    Viral infections are highly contagious and can be transferred even without touching. These viruses get transmitted via sneezing, coughing and vomiting. A person can get infected by a virus due to an insect or animal bite or lack of personal hygiene.

    Bacterial infections can be transmitted by being in very close contact with an infected person. Contaminated water or food can be another cause. Touching objects or surfaces that have been contaminated can cause an infection and bacteria can enter the body through abrasions and cuts on the skin surface.

    DIFFERENCES IN DURATION AND SYMPTOMS

    Viral infections commonly last for a period of ten days. Dizziness, a sore throat, runny nose, watery eyes, diarrhea and a persistent joint ache are common symptoms.

    Bacterial infections can last for up to 2 weeks. Continuous high fever, persistent cough and a thick nasal discharge are the common symptoms. Sinus infection and ear infection are also very common bacterial afflictions.

    Effective vaccinations are available for both bacterial and viral infections. It is imperative to consult a doctor if any of the symptoms above persist beyond a couple of days.

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