Tag Archive: dehydration

  1. Recognizing The Symptoms Of Croupy Cough In Toddlers

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    Croupy Cough In Toddlers

    Croupy cough is in fact a viral infection caused by the parainfluenza virus. It causes the voice box to get inflamed, resulting in the swelling and narrowing of the airways that lie just below the vocal cords. When this happens, breathing becomes more difficult and when the person breathes it can sound like a harsh, barking cough that as often been compared to the barking sounds that a young seal pup makes.

    If your child is suffering from croupy cough, the best thing to do is to make an appointment with the pediatrician for an accurate diagnosis and appropriate treatment. At Pediatric Partners, our doctors have had several years of experience treating croupy cough. Call us today.

    Croupy cough in toddlers is so common because children under the age of 5 years have smaller airways. Babies and toddlers are more susceptible to croup starting in late fall and right through the cold winter months.

    Adults can also suffer from croup but it not as commonly seen as croup in toddlers or croup in babies.

    Symptoms Of Croup

    The telltale symptom of croup is the seal bark cough that is usually more pronounced at night and may be accompanied by noisy breathing. Sometimes, you may also hear a high-pitched sound during inhalation. This is known as stridor.

    Other croup symptoms may include:

    •    Stuffy nose
    •    Raspy or hoarse voice
    •    Difficulty swallowing
    •    Cold-like symptoms
    •    Irritability

    Fever may or may not be present.

    The symptoms of croup last several days and usually up to a week. The symptoms can recur.

    Protecting Your Child From Croup

    Croup is contagious, which makes it very difficult to avoid altogether. Your child could catch the virus from other kids in school, in their playgroup or even from fleeting contact with another child in the park or while grocery shopping with you. The infection is spread if another child coughs or sneezes on your child or even if your child touches anything that an infected person has touched.

    Fortunately, there are things you can do to lower the risks and protect your child. The best and most effective preventive measure is regular hand-washing. Teach your child to wash their hands regularly. As much as possible, minimize or at least try and avoid contact with other people with any type of respiratory infection.

    Treating The Symptoms Of Croup

    There are a few things you can do at home to try and alleviate the symptoms and relieve your child’s discomfort.

    Taking your child for a proper diagnosis is important. Make an appointment with the pediatrician and get a professional evaluation. This is especially important if none of the home remedies that you’ve tried are effective in reducing the symptoms and if your child still has a barky cough and difficulty breathing. A visit to the pediatrician is warranted if you notice signs of dehydration.

    The pediatrician may put your child on steroids in order to reduce the swelling in the airways so that your child can breathe more easily.

  2. Preventing Dehydration

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    Summer Safety Issue Preventing Dehydration

    Preventing Dehydration and Other Heat-Related Illnesses in Children

    Summer’s here! With all the outdoor after-school and summer break fun, sometimes it can be difficult to avoid preventing dehydration and heat-related illnesses in children. It isn’t impossible though, and if parents and other caregivers know the steps to take in order to diagnose, avoid, and preventing dehydration and other heat-related illnesses from occurring, everyone can have fun in the sun and stay cool and safe at the same time.

    Everyone may already know to pack sun screen and protective eye wear when they are out with their kids in the summer, but it’s a good idea to know how to spot the signs of dehydration in kids and other heat-related illnesses so the fun doesn’t get cut short.

    At Pediatric Partners you will find highly skilled practitioners who have several years experience caring for children of all ages. Call Pediatric Partners to schedule your appointment today.

    Most Common Symptoms

    The most common sign of dehydration, especially in babies and smaller children, is extreme thirst, often accompanied by a high fever. Other signs of dehydration include fussiness, unusually dry skin or listlessness.

    If you notice any of these symptoms of dehydration, give your child water immediately. It is best to avoid giving sugary drinks, such as sodas, because sodas also contain small amounts of sodium, and sodium will exacerbate the problem. Water is the best choice.

    Other Heat-Related Illnesses

    Dehydration is the biggest worry in hot weather, but there are other heat-related illnesses to look out for, such as heatstroke, heat cramps, and heat exhaustion.

    Heat stroke occurs when a child has been out in a hot climate or environment for too long and hasn’t had enough fluids to drink. Symptoms of heat stroke include nausea, vomiting, extremely high body temperature, a reduction in sweat or an inability to sweat, and extreme confusion. Heat stroke is especially dangerous in babies and children, and should be treated immediately.

    Heat exhaustion is very similar to heat stroke, with similar symptoms. Heat cramps occur in the muscles when the child has been outside, usually running, jumping, or playing vigorously, and their muscles begin to hurt and cramp up. They may also experience nausea and vomiting.


    Just as with dehydration, as soon as any heat stroke, heat exhaustion or heat cramps occur, give the child water to drink. In cases of extreme heatstroke, Gatorade may be helpful to help balance electrolytes. If possible, bring the child indoors to a cool environment, and place a cold cloth on the forehead. This is especially important if the child is running a fever, as it will help reduce the body’s temperature.  Knowing how to treat dehydration can help stem the problem and prevent the symptoms from getting worse.

    In extreme cases of heat stroke or heat exhaustion, parents or caregivers may have to take the child to the doctor or emergency room, but usually the symptoms begin to subside once the child begins drinking water. In cases of heat cramps, bring the child inside, make them drink water, and encourage them to gently stretch the cramped muscles, whether they are legs or arms.

  3. Children’s Headaches

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    Children are just as prone to headaches as adults are. Though what causes these headaches and their symptoms may be very similar to that of adults, there are a few distinguishing factors that are important to understand.



    • Tension Headaches.

    Poor posture and abnormal sleeping positions can lead to neck pain and headaches. The tiny muscles that are positioned at the base of the neck balance the upper body and the head. Strain on these muscles can cause a tension headache. An excessively thick or flat pillow may also result in one of these headaches.

    • Stress

    Stress can have a negative impact on a child’s sleep pattern and can strain the mind. Though kids’ concerns may seem trivial, stressful situations at school, with their playmates or at home can result in headaches. In this situation, it is best to identify what factors could be causing your child’s stress and how you can work together to eliminate them.

    • Dehydration

    Often, children do not drink as much water as they should. They also tend to play outdoors and in the sun, which causes them to lose significant amounts of water in the body. It is important to remember that water flushes out toxins from the body, so not drinking enough of it can trap those toxins and, in turn, produce headaches. Though the amount of water intake for your child will change with age and weight, determine daily intake parameters and ensure that they meet the minimum on a daily basis. Additionally, eliminate sodas from your childís diet, as many of them contain caffeine which can lead to dehydration.

    • Allergies

    Allergies can also cause headaches. A pollen allergy can lead to a sinus infection which can result in a headache.

    • Migraine

    Though we often associate migraines with adults, these are quite common in children. Certain foods or weather conditions may be triggers. Migraines can be extremely debilitating, so it is important to identify these factors early on.


    Never ignore any symptoms of headaches as they have a tendency of becoming chronic and constant. If your child is suffering from regular headaches, consult an experienced pediatrician to find out the cause(s) so proper treatment can begin immediately. Don’t hesitate to Contact Us for an appointment as soon as symptoms arise.

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